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AMCAS Medical School Application: The Complete Guide

February 15, 2022
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Part 1. IntroductionPart 2. What is the AMCAS Application?Part 3. How to Start Your AMCAS Med School ApplicationPart 4. AMCAS Primary Application – Section by SectionPart 5. Tips for Making your Application Stand OutPart 6. Common Mistakes to AvoidPart 7. What Is the Secondary Application?Part 8. Tips for Making Your Application Stand OutPart 9. AMCAS Application FAQsPart 10. AMCAS Application: You Can Do This

Read on below to learn more about the AMCAS application and what you need to include and avoid to ace it.

Applying to a medical school can be an arduous process. So many different parts and pieces go into formulating a complete application. Many students may undoubtedly find themselves intimidated by all the different aspects and processes. That is where our complete guide to the AMCAS medical school application comes into play. 

Whether you are a prospective physician or are considering going to medical school as part of your career goals, this AMCAS application guide aims to make you more informed about the process. There are three major steps involved with applying to medical school: the AMCAS primary application, secondary application, and interview. 

This AMCAS application guide will take you through the processes and sections of the AMCAS application – what it is, how it works, how you can stand out, and what mistakes to avoid. Additionally, we’ll answer some of your most commonly asked questions like “what is the AMCAS application?” and “what is on the medical school application?”

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What is the AMCAS Application?

AMCAS medical school application overview

The American Medical College Application Service, or AMCAS, is the centralized application processing service for MD medical school admissions in the United States. AMCAS collects and stores information, verifies it, and then delivers your application to each medical school to which you’re applying. So, how do you fill out the medical school application?

For those unfamiliar with the application process, the first thing you fill out is the primary application. The application includes everything you would need to apply to a medical school: your grades, test scores, letters of recommendation, essays, and all your identifying information. 

AMCAS opens up in May – usually during the first week. From the end of May to the start of June, students can start applying. The submission deadline varies from school to school (usually between Oct. to Feb., but more specifically Nov./ Dec.). 

Once submitted, the application gets sent to all the U.S. schools you applied to (except for Texas schools, which use the TMDSAS application process). It can take AMCAS up to 8 weeks to process and verify the information. 

You are much more likely to stand out the closer you submit your application to the end of May/ start of June since seats are limited and since most medical schools operate on a first-come-first-serve basis. Therefore, if you submit your application in the later months, you are less likely to be admitted than someone who applied earlier and secured a spot.

First time and repeat applicants to medical school over the last 40 years.


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How to Start Your AMCAS Med School Application

To start your AMCAS application, first load up the AMCAS website and follow the “Sign-in” prompt. You will then be asked to sign in or create an account. If you have previously registered for the AMCAS application or the MCAT, you will already have an AAMC username and password. If this is your first time logging in, create an account using your name and email. 

Once you’re signed in, you’re ready to start your application and tackle the nine sections of the AMCAS application. Remember to select the correct application cycle; if you want to start in the summer of this year, click the “Start the [this year] application” option. 


AMCAS Primary Application – Section by Section

The primary AMCAS application has nine sections for you to fill out:

  1. Identifying Information
  2. Schools Attended 
  3. Biographic Information 
  4. Course Work and Official Transcripts
  5. Work/ Activities 
  6. Letters of Evaluation 
  7. Medical Schools
  8. Personal Essay
  9. Standardized Test 

Section 1 - Identifying Information

In this first section, AMCAS will ask you for five things:  

Your legal name, your preferred name, any alternate names that may appear on your identification, I.D. numbers from any college you have been to, and your birth date and sex.

Section 2 - Schools Attended 

This section includes:

Section 3 - Biographic Information 

This section includes: 

Section 4 - Course Work and Official Transcripts

The AMCAS med school application will ask for a transcript for every post-secondary institution you have attended regardless of if you earned the credit. You will enter what courses you studied, when you completed them, and the grades you received. AMCAS accepts both electronic and paper transcripts. 

Make sure to fill this section out very carefully, as it is the number one cause for processing delays and missed application deadlines. If your application information does not match your transcript, AMCAS will flag your application causing a delay in the application process.

One of the most complex aspects of completing this section is classifying your courses based on the primary content of the course. AMCAS recommends you consult with your Pre-health Advisor and read your course’s description on your school website if you’re struggling to classify a course. 

If you’re still struggling, AMCAS has provided a handy Course Classification Guide that provides several examples of typically categorized courses. For example, some examples of how AMCAS usually categorizes Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Math (BCPM) courses include:

Biology

Chemistry 

Physics 

Mathematics 

Again, take your time with this section, as any inconsistencies can delay your application. 

Section 5 – Work/ Activities 

In the AMCAS Work and Activities section, you will get to list 15 different extracurricular activities that will define your persona outside of the classroom during your time as an undergraduate student. For each activity, the AMCAS medical school application will ask for a contact’s information to confirm the application’s information or address any questions or concerns. You must also list the total number of hours you spent on the experience and when the experience started and ended. 

You will be required to identify up to three experiences that are the most meaningful to you. If you have more than two entries, you will be asked to select one as the most meaningful. The different experience categories are: 

  1. Artistic Endeavors
  2. Community Service/Volunteer - Medical/Clinical
  3. Community Service/Volunteer - Non-Medical/Clinical
  4. Conferences Attended
  5. Extracurricular Activities
  6. Hobbies
  7. Honors/Award/Recognition
  8. Intercollegiate Athletics
  9. Leadership - Not Listed Elsewhere
  10. Military Service
  11. Other
  12. Paid Employment - Medical/Clinical
  13. Paid Employment - Non-Medical/Clinical
  14. Physician Shadowing/Clinical Observation
  15. Presentations/Posters
  16. Publications
  17. Research/Lab
  18. Teaching/Tutoring/Teaching Assistant

When you pick an activity as most meaningful, you will be given 700 characters to describe it and an additional 1325 characters to elaborate on what makes the experience meaningful to you.  Focus on the life-changing aspect of the activity, the significance of your work, and how it contributed to your personal growth. Section 6 – Letters of Evaluation 

The critical thing to note about this section is that AMCAS does not need your letters of recommendation to verify your application, so you can submit it even if your letters have not yet arrived at AMCAS. After your application is confirmed, your application and letters will be made available to medical schools. If your letters arrive at AMCAS after your application has been processed, AMCAS will forward them to schools on a rolling basis. 

There are three types of letters of recommendation: 

Section 7 – Medical Schools 

In this section, you will enter all the medical schools for which you want to apply. There are six types of programs

Section 8 – Personal Essay

This is arguably the most critical section of your application. Section 8 is where you write your personal statement. In 5300 characters or less, you explain why you want to go to medical school. The AAMC recommends typing your letter directly into the AMCAS application rather than copying and pasting it from another word processor to avoid formatting issues. 

You can use a text-only program like Microsoft Notepad and copy and paste your text into the application if you prefer. Formatted text can cause problems in the application, and you will be unable to edit it once it is submitted. 

Section 9 – Standardized Test 

In the final section of the application, the AAMC will automatically input your MCAT score if you have received it. If you haven’t received it yet, you can list any future dates you have booked so that they are aware. 

Common Mistakes to Avoid

Take a look at several common mistakes to avoid when completing your AMCAS application below. 

1. Filler Activity

If there are activities that you cannot talk about in-depth, it is better to leave them out. Your interviewer can ask you about anything on your application, and if they ask you about an activity you have limited experience with, you won’t be able to give a satisfactory answer. That is why it is better to leave such activities out rather than cave in to the pressure of filling up space on the application. 

2. Grammar/ Spelling Mistakes 

Always be sure to proofread your application. Small errors and typos will come across as careless and won’t impress medical school admissions committees. Have others proofread your application to make sure everything lines up and is error-free to be extra careful.

3. Listing Accomplishments From High School In The Experience Section 

You may have achievements from high school about which you want to talk. While they may be important to you, it is better to go with more recent accomplishments and experiences in your application. 

4. Not Grouping Related Activities Together 

It is good to group similar and less important activities instead of using up space on the application. For example, if you shadowed three different doctors, there’s no need to list it as three separate activities. This will save you space in case you need it. 

5. Overlapping Information In The Experience Section And Your Personal Statement

It can be easy to repeat yourself in these two sections. In the experience section, talk about how your activities, specifically, played a role in your journey to want to become a doctor. Your personal statement is a chance to tell detailed stories that are part of your more extensive journey towards medical school. The goal is to have these two sections complement each other without being repetitive. 

6. Including Future Activities Or Work

If you have not yet experienced it, leave it out. Only include activities and work that are recent and relevant. 

What Is the Secondary Application?

Once your AMCAS primary application has been submitted, processed, and verified, the AAMC will send your application to your selected med schools. Ensure you are ready to receive your med school secondary application when you submit your AMCAS application, as some schools send their secondary applications immediately after AMCAS contacts them. 

Unlike your AMCAS application, your secondary applications are specific to each school, which means you need to tailor your secondary applications to the schools that sent them. While creating several school-specific secondary applications sounds like a lot of work, replying to programs with the same generic answers can harm your chances of admission. 

As Alex Tan, the Director of the Post-Baccalaureate Premedical Program at Johns Hopkins University, notes, these essays “afford you the opportunity to send a tailored, unique ambassador to each and every school.” While your essay responses will likely share similarities, Tan urges you to “emphasize different details about the experience or give different examples entirely.” 

Tips for Making Your Application Stand Out

As many of you may know, getting into medical school is about more than just getting a high GPA and MCAT score. It would help if you were a well-rounded individual with the qualities and experience to convince a committee of professionals you will thrive in medicine. 

Tip #1: Highlight your Clinical Experience 

Schools want to see that you have more than just knowledge of medicine. They want to know that you know its practice as well, which is where your volunteer experience hospital, clinic, hospice, or other health care setting will come in. Some students find part-time paid positions as emergency medical technicians (EMTs), medical scribes, or certified nursing assistants (CNAs). 

If you have not already done so, consider doing a preceptorship. A preceptorship is when you shadow a doctor and watch them go about their day in different healthcare environments: office, hospital, and trips to conventions. It’s not just about the number of hours but a diversity of experiences. One hundred hours shadowing doctors from varying specialties is better than 500 hours following a single-specialty doctor.

Tip #2: Valuable Extracurriculars 

Although it is not required to be involved with academic research, it is a valuable experience to have. Being involved in research shows that you are committed to the educational process and take the initiative in your learning. 

Studying or volunteering abroad are great experiences and will look good on your application. These trips studying or volunteering abroad develop empathy, perspective, and an understanding of different cultures. 

Tutoring or teaching are great experiences to have. You reinforce what you already know and build your communication skills by explaining what you know to others when you teach.

If you’re applying to medical school or considering a career path in medicine, it is safe to assume that you have a keen interest in the sciences. But, of course, that isn’t going to be enough. To stand out in your application, include significant extracurricular activities or hobbies in which you’ve participated. 

It could be an instrument that you have dedicated yourself to, a sport that you play, or art that you’ve created. If anything of that sort you have pursued over a considerable period, then it is worth mentioning. Extracurriculars demonstrate a variety of skills like leadership and persistence. The more versatile you are in your activities, the better you’ll relate to your patients.

Tip #3: Reflect on Your Experiences 

On your list of experiences, use the space to reflect on what you did instead of just listing it. Many students make the mistake of simply saying “I did this” and “I did that.” Try and write about what you learned, what you took away from it, how it made you a better person, and how it applies to your future career as a physician. 

AMCAS Application FAQs

To help you ace your medical school application and understand the application process, we’ve included several questions and answers in our AMCAS guide.  

1. What Is the AMCAS Application Deadline? 

The Early Decision Program (EDP) has a deadline of the start of August. If the start of August falls on a weekend, then it will be the next business day. All other deadlines are set by the school and are usually between August and December. You must submit your application no later than 11:59 pm E.T. on the deadline. 

2. What if I Don’t Have a Contact to List for My Activity/ Experience? 

You may use the email or phone number of someone else who can verify your experience if the original point of contact cannot be reached. If you have no one you can think of as a contact, you can list yourself as the contact person and explain in the description why there is no valid contact person that can be reached for that experience.  

3. How Many Letters of Recommendation Can Be Sent to AMCAS? 

You can send up to 10 letters to AMCAS. This does not mean that one school wants to receive ten letters. AMCAS gives you that many letters to write specific letters to specific schools. 

4. How Much Does It Cost to Use AMCAS?

The processing fee for 2021 is $170 and includes one medical school designation. It is $41 for each additional school.

5. How Does the AMCAS Verification Process Work?

Once you submit your application to AMCAS, you will receive a confirmation email. Once all your transcripts arrive and your application is submitted, the AMCAS verification process begins. 

Your application is entered into the verification queue, which can take up to 8 weeks to process. AMCAS will verify the coursework you entered with your transcript to see if everything lines up. If there are any discrepancies, AMCAS will return your application, causing a delay that may result in missed deadlines. 

6. What if I Miss a Deadline?

Under no circumstances does AMCAS offer deadline extensions – schools may. If you need an extension, it’s best to contact the school and request one. If approved, the school will notify AMCAS to proceed accordingly. Once the application has been submitted, the schools you entered in the application can’t be changed or removed, even if you miss a deadline. 

AMCAS Application: You Can Do This 

It can be easy to be overwhelmed by the multi-step AMCAS med school application process. After all, there are many ways to make a mistake that can jeopardize your admission to the medical school of your dreams. If you apply early, proofread your application, have all documents ready, and put considerable time and thought into your personal statement, you can improve your chances of admission. 

Most of the work that needs to be done has already been done by you: The hours of volunteering, the years of pursuing your interests and activities, the sleepless nights spent studying for your classes, and everything that has led you to this path. All you need to do is communicate your competence and persistence through your AMCAS application. If you are successful at that, the odds are in your favor.  

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